Areas of SEND

Understanding ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a is a mental health disorder that causes above-normal levels of hyperactivity and impulsiveness. People with ADHD may also have trouble focusing their attention on a single task or sitting still for long periods of time.

Most cases are diagnosed between age 6 – 12 years.

Treatment for ADHD  includes medications, psychotherapy and/or counselling and treatment for any mental health conditions that occur along with ADHD.

Signs of ADHD in children may include:

Inattentiveness signs:

  • Short attention span and easily distracted
  • Making careless mistakes i.e in school work
  • Problems sticking to tedious tasks and completing tasks
  • Appearing forgetful and losing things
  • Disorganisation and unable to prioritise
  • Constantly changing activity or task
  • Appearing unable to listen to or carry out instructions
  • Frequent mood swings

Hyperactivity and impulsiveness

  • Excessive activity or restlessness
  • Constantly fidgeting
  • Unable to concentrate for long periods
  • Excessive talking
  • Being unable to wait their turn
  • Acting without thinking
  • Interrupting conversations
  • Little or no danger awareness

Day-to day issues for a child may include:

  • Insomnia
  • Trouble getting ready for school on time
  • Social interaction with other children
  • Large gatherings and formal occasions
  • Off site activities i.e swimming or school trips
  • Being organised

ADHD can be challenging and someone with ADHD cannot help their behaviour. People with ADHD may improve with medication and symptoms may improve as they get older into adulthood.

For more comprehensive information support, advice or services about ADHD see the following links:

NHS and GP services for more medical support

There are a number of national support groups